Our Zoo Community
The Red Panda GSMP (Global Species Management Plan)
For many years, zoos around the world have had organized breeding programs to help them sustain viable populations of the threatened species in their care. For example, the North American zoos have their Species Survival Programs (SSPs), the Europeans their Endangered Species Programs (EEPs) and the similar programs in Australia and New Zealand, Africa and Japan. Some of these programs are unable to guarantee long-term survival of these species perhaps because they do not have enough individuals or because they are too closely related, etc. In these cases, the species may benefit from being managed at a global level. Therefore, the World Association of Zoos and Aquariums (WAZA) launched the Global Species Management Plans (GSMPs). Six trial GSMPs were established in 2012 which included the Red Panda GSMP.
The Red Panda GSMP is managed by a committee of coordinators of regional red panda breeding programs in Europe, North America, Australasia, Japan, and India. Although the majority of red pandas are managed at a regional level, once every 6-7 years (that is one red panda generation), the committee meets to look at the global red panda population and organizes a few inter-regional exchanges of animals to boost the regional and global gene pools.
The red panda population has actually been managed in this way since 1994, which is probably the main reason why the red panda regional populations (ex situ) are still very healthy. However, the recognition of the red panda program as a GSMP enables us to address various issues such as the availability of canine distemper vaccine and nutritional challenges at a global level. Also, the fact that the GSMP includes zoos in India, one of the countries with wild red pandas, means that the GSMP has a direct link to what is happening to red pandas in the wild.
The goals of the Red Panda GSMP are to contribute to the conservation of red pandas both directly by:
- Maintaining a genetically and demographically sustainable and behaviorally competent “back up” population.
- Having the potential to supply individuals for supplementation or reintroduction programs.
And indirectly by
- Educating the public and raising their awareness about red pandas and their conservation
- Providing financial, technical, scientific and other support and expertise to red panda field conservation and research work.
The Red Panda GSMP has chosen Red Panda Network as its conservation partner and we encourage all zoos holding red pandas to support the work of this organization.
The Red Panda EEP Forest Guardian Programme
The Red Panda EEP (European Endangered Species Programme) Forest Guardian Program was launched in September 2013. As the Red Panda GSMP, or the global management plan for zoo red pandas, is hosted in Europe, we felt that the European zoos with red pandas should be especially active in supporting red panda conservation through the work of RPN. Therefore it was suggested that the red panda zoos in Europe should combine their efforts and collectively adopt a number of Forest Guardians. Each year many of the European red panda zoos contribute to this effort.
Thanks to our European zoo supporters!
Artis Zoo, Amsterdam
Espace Zoologique la Boissiere du Dore
Faruk Yalcin Zoo
Fundacion Parques Reunidos
Münchener Tierpark Hellabrunn
North of England Zoological Society
Odense Zoologiske Have
Opel-Zoo von Opel HessischeZoostiftung
Parc animalie de Sainte Croix
Parc Zoologique de La Fleche
Parco Faunistico Le Cornelle
Parken Zoo i Eskilstuna
Salzburg Zoo Hellbrunn
Tiergarten der Stadt Nürnberg
Zoo of Antwerp
Zoo Parc de Beauval
Zoological Society of Ireland-Dublin
Zoologischer Garten Leipzig
Aachener Tierpark Euregiozoo
Bird Park Avifauna
Cologne Zoological Garden
Faunistic Park Le Cornelle
Ille de France
Parc animalier de Sainte-Croix
Salzburg Zoo Hellbrunn
Shepreth Wildlife Park
Śląski Ogród Zoologiczny
South Lakes Safari Zoo
Welsh Mountain Zoo
Zoological and Botanical Park of Mulhouse
ZooParc de Beauval